Form 16 is an essential document for salaried employees in India, serving as a TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) certificate. Issued by employers, it provides a detailed summary of the salary paid to the employee and the tax deducted. 

This blog aims to serve as a comprehensive guide for Indian taxpayers, explaining everything they need to know about Form 16, its components, and its importance in the tax filing process.

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What is Form 16?

Form 16 is a certificate issued by an employer to their employees. It provides details about the salary paid and the TDS deducted on it. Form 16 is issued annually, usually after the end of the financial year, to help employees in filing their income tax returns.

Components of Form 16

Part A: TDS Certificate

Part A contains details about the tax deducted and deposited quarterly by the employer. Key components include:​

  • Employer’s Details: Name, address, and TAN (Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number)
  • Employee’s Details: Name, address, and PAN (Permanent Account Number)
  • Summary of TDS Deducted: Details of tax deducted by the employer and deposited with the government on a quarterly basis.
  • Assessment Year: The year in which the income is assessed (e.g., for the financial year 2023-24, the assessment year is 2024-25).

Part B: Salary Details

Part B is an annexure to Part A, providing detailed salary information and tax computation. It includes:

  • Gross Salary: Total salary before any deductions.
  • Exemptions under Section 10: Breakup of exemptions such as HRA (House Rent Allowance), LTA (Leave Travel Allowance), etc.
  • Deductions under Chapter VI-A: Investments and payments eligible for deductions, such as under sections 80C, 80D, etc.
  • Net Taxable Income: Gross salary minus exemptions and deductions.
  • Tax Payable or Refundable: Calculation of the final tax liability after considering the tax deducted and any advance tax paid.

Eligibility Criteria of Form 16

Form 16 is issued to salaried employees by their employers when tax has been deducted at source (TDS) from their salary. To be eligible for Form 16, an individual must be a salaried employee and have TDS deducted from their salary. 

This form is not applicable to self-employed individuals or freelancers. The eligibility also depends on the income threshold: employees whose annual income exceeds the basic exemption limit set by the income tax department (₹2.5 lakhs for individuals below 60 years of age, ₹3 lakhs for senior citizens aged 60-80, and ₹5 lakhs for super senior citizens above 80 years) are subject to TDS and hence eligible for Form 16. 

Both full-time and part-time employees can receive Form 16 if TDS is deducted. Additionally, if an individual changes jobs during the financial year, each employer who deducts TDS is required to issue Form 16 for the respective employment period. 

In cases where no TDS is deducted, the employer is not required to issue Form 16, but the employee can still file their Income Tax Return using salary slips and Form 26AS.



Employment Type

Salaried employees (full-time or part-time)

Tax Deduction at Source (TDS)

Form 16 is issued only if TDS is deducted from salary

Income Threshold

Annual income exceeds ₹2.5 lakhs (below 60 years), ₹3 lakhs (60-80 years), ₹5 lakhs (80+ years)

Multiple Employers

Each employer who deducted TDS must issue Form 16


No TDS deducted means Form 16 is not issued, but tax return can still be filed with salary slips and Form 26AS

What is Form 16A & Form 16B?

What is Form 16A?

Form 16A is a TDS certificate applicable for income other than salary. It is issued when tax is deducted at source on various types of income such as interest from fixed deposits, insurance commission, rent, professional fees, and other specified incomes. Form 16A provides detailed information about the income on which TDS has been deducted, the amount of TDS, and the details of the deductor and deductee.

Key details included in Form 16A:

  • ​Name and address of the deductor and deductee
  • PAN of both deductor and deductee
  • TAN of the deductor
  • Amount paid/credited
  • ​TDS deducted and deposited
  • Nature of payment
  • Date of payment/credit

What is Form 16B?

Form 16B is a TDS certificate issued for the deduction of tax on the sale of property. It is issued by the buyer of the property to the seller, certifying that TDS has been deducted on the sale transaction as per Section 194-IA of the Income Tax Act. This form is necessary for the seller to claim the TDS while filing their income tax return.

Key details included in Form 16B:

  1. Name and address of the buyer and seller
  2. PAN of both buyer and seller
  3. Acknowledgment number of the TDS payment
  4. Details of the property transaction
  5. Amount paid for the property
  6. TDS deducted and deposited
  7. Date of tax deduction and deposit


Applicable For

Issued By

Issued To

Key Information Included

Form 16A

Income other than salary

Deductor (e.g., banks, businesses)

Deductee (e.g., individual earning interest, commission, etc.)

Details of non-salary income, TDS amount, deductor and deductee details, nature of payment

Form 16B

Sale of property

Buyer of the property

Seller of the property

Details of the property transaction, amount paid, TDS amount, buyer and seller details, acknowledgment number

How to Download Form 16?

Form 16 can be obtained through the employer, usually provided via email or through the company’s HR portal. Here’s a step-by-step guide to downloading Form 16:

Step 1: Log in to your company’s HR portal:
Use your employee credentials to access the portal.

Step 2: Navigate to the 'Tax Documents' or 'Form 16' section:
This section typically contains all tax-related documents.

Step 3: Download Form 16:
Select the relevant financial year and download the PDF file.

Step 4: Check your email:
If the HR portal isn’t available, employers often send Form 16 via email. Check your registered email account for any communication from your employer.

Importance of Form 16

Form 16 is crucial for several reasons:

  • Income Tax Return (ITR) Filing: Form 16 provides all the necessary details required to file your ITR, ensuring accuracy and completeness.
  • Verification of TDS: It helps verify that the tax deducted by your employer has been correctly deposited with the government.
  • Proof of Income: It acts as proof of income and tax paid, which can be essential for various financial transactions like applying for loans or visas.
  • Easy Reference: It serves as a comprehensive document for all salary-related details and tax deductions, making financial planning and tax filing easier.

Understanding the Details in Form 16

​Form 16 contains various details that are crucial for tax filing:

  1. Employer and Employee Details: Includes basic information such as names, addresses, PAN, and TAN.
  2. Summary of Salary and TDS: Provides a detailed summary of the total salary paid and the tax deducted during the financial year.
  3. Tax Payable or Refundable: Final tax calculation showing whether any additional tax is payable or a refund is due.
  4. Net Taxable Income: The amount on which tax is calculated after considering exemptions and deductions.
  5. Deductions under Chapter VI-A: Details of deductions under various sections like 80C (investments in PPF, LIC, etc.), 80D (health insurance premiums), and others.
  6. Exemptions under Section 10: Lists the various exemptions claimed by the employee, such as HRA, LTA, and other allowances.

How to Use Form 16 for Filing ITR?

Using Form 16 to file your ITR involves several steps:

  1. Link Form 16 with ITR: Enter the details from Form 16 into the relevant sections of your ITR form. Most online tax filing platforms have simplified this process by allowing direct upload of Form 16.
  2. Cross-Check Details: Verify that all income and TDS details are correctly reflected in Form 26AS, which is a consolidated tax statement available on the income tax department’s website
  3. Avoid Common Mistakes: Ensure all details entered in the ITR form match those in Form 16, particularly income details, TDS amounts, and personal information.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Form 16

Q: What should I do if there is a discrepancy in Form 16?

If you find any discrepancies in Form 16, contact your employer immediately to rectify the errors. Ensure that the corrected Form 16 is issued before filing your ITR.

Q: What if I don’t receive Form 16 from my employer?

Employers are legally required to issue Form 16 if TDS has been deducted. If you do not receive it, follow up with your HR department. In the absence of Form 16, you can still file your ITR using your salary slips and Form 26AS.

Q: Can I file my ITR without Form 16?

Yes, you can file your ITR without Form 16 using other documents such as your salary slips and Form 26AS. However, Form 16 simplifies the process by providing a consolidated view of your income and tax deductions.

Q: What are the penalties for employers not issuing Form 16?

Employers can face penalties for not issuing Form 16. The penalty can be up to ₹100 per day of delay.

To Wrap it Up!

Form 16 is an indispensable document for salaried employees, providing a detailed summary of earnings and tax deductions. It simplifies the tax filing process and serves as proof of income. Make sure to obtain and verify your Form 16 each financial year to ensure accurate tax filing and avoid any discrepancies.

Don't delay your tax filing! Ensure you have your Form 16 and other necessary documents ready. For more information or assistance, visit our website or contact our support team.

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